One model that focuses on value is the Integrated Care framework. This model aims to switch from fragmented care within and between sectors to coordinated services in which all care providers are involved in patient journey .
A good summary of what integrated care means is: “to bring together inputs, delivery, management and organisation of services as a means [of] improving access, quality, user satisfaction and efficiency.”  Additionally, the WHO perceives integrated care as offering a patient-centric holistic approach to patients’ needs.
The central idea of integrated care is the “Triple Aim”, which focuses on “improving patient outcomes, enhancing patient care experience and cost reduction” . This shift in focus set up the foundations for the development of the Value-based Healthcare concept.
According to the value-based healthcare philosophy, the overarching goal of healthcare should be to deliver value that can be translated into meaningful outcomes for patients . Multiple studies present the Value-based Healthcare (VBHC) model as a chance to redesign healthcare systems by focusing on patient outcomes while containing costs. For example, the World Economic Forum defines VBHC as “a patient-centric care delivery model designed to optimize value for patients”. 
It is only possible to measure and compare outcomes worldwide if they are standardized. A non-profit organization was created with the purpose of developing such standards: the International Consortium for Health Outcomes Measurement (ICHOM) . They have already curated several standard sets for different diseases.
By focusing on measuring the results of a treatment from the patient’s perspective, it is possible to reduce costs since only those procedures that add value will take place. The Economist Intelligence Unit perceives the VBHC model as a valid approach to cut costs wherever healthcare costs are going up .
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 Medicare Hospital Compare: Myocardial Ischaemia National Audit Project. London. 2019.
 Academy of Medical Royal Colleges and NHS Confederation. Decisions of Value [Internet]. United Kingdom: Academy of Medical Royal Colleges; 2014. [cited 15 Apr 2020] Available from: www.aomrc.org.uk/reports-guidance/decisions-of-value-1014/
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